Author(s): Ajay I. Patel, Anjali K. Mandavia, Amit J. Vyas, Ashok B. Patel


DOI: 10.52711/2231-5675.2023.00049   

Address: Ajay I. Patel1, Anjali K. Mandavia1*, Amit J. Vyas1, Ashok B. Patel2
1Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance Department, B. K. Mody Government Pharmacy College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
2Government Pharmacy College, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 4,     Year - 2023

Nitrosamine impurities have been detected in various pharmaceutical products in recent days. Various sartans, ranitidine, nizatidine and metformin have been recalled from the markets due to the high limit of nitrosamine impurities. When assessing the danger of human cancer, pharmaceutical products ability to regulate potentially mutagenic and carcinogenic contaminants is crucial. The risk of their mutagenic and carcinogenic potential has increased with the recent finding of nitrosamine impurities in various commercially available medications. Nitrosamine is the substance deemed to be a potential human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Impurities in nitrosamines have been shown to be mutagenic and carcinogenic; even very low exposure levels to these impurities can cause cancer. These impurities may be created by a reagent, catalyst, solvent, or raw materials employed in the manufacturing process and end up in drug substances or drug products. Angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) medications with nitrosamine impurities have caused widespread health problems. Risk management of nitrosamine impurity is necessary to control the level of this impurity in drug substance, drug product and APIs. By using risk management tools like fishbone diagram which is used to identify and organize the possible sources of nitrosamines in medicines. For detection of nitrosamine impurity different countries develops their own analytical methods.

Cite this article:
Ajay I. Patel, Anjali K. Mandavia, Amit J. Vyas, Ashok B. Patel. Nitrosamine Impurity: Management of Unwelcome Guest in Pharma Market. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis. 2023; 13(4):303-8. doi: 10.52711/2231-5675.2023.00049

Ajay I. Patel, Anjali K. Mandavia, Amit J. Vyas, Ashok B. Patel. Nitrosamine Impurity: Management of Unwelcome Guest in Pharma Market. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis. 2023; 13(4):303-8. doi: 10.52711/2231-5675.2023.00049   Available on:

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